Get to know Ethanol and its Functions
Ethanol is one type of chemical that is used in various industries, such as in the field of cosmetics. This ethanol material has a use value and is also a danger to humans. Let's get to know about ethanol.
WHAT IS ETHANOL?
Ethanol is a very popular organic type chemical, in fact its production can reach 25 billion a year. Ethanol itself is better known as alcohol. Ethanol is one of the chemicals used as a raw material for wine and the like. Ethanol is basically derived from natural ingredients, namely fermented plants. Ethanol can also be obtained by properly dehydrating ethylene. Ethanol is a chemical type of alcohol that has many benefits for human life. When used in accordance with existing instructions and conditions. In general, ethanol is a solvent for various raw materials in an industry. Used in dyes, fuels, cosmetic ingredients to explosives.
HISTORY OF THE EMERGENCE OF ETHANOL
The emergence of ethanol has a long time ago, namely prehistoric times. which was originally found to be residue on ceramics which were relics from China. The ceramics have been recorded as being 3000 years old. However, the first pure compound was produced by Johan T Lowits in 1796 who was a scientist who used a method of filtering alcohol by distillation through charcoal. Often with the times, these compounds are increasingly developing and innovating as a mixture of various industrial products.
The characteristics of ethanol are as follows:
• Searches that have no color
• Easily evaporates
• Has a distinctive aroma
• A versatile type of solvent
USES OF ETHANOL
1. COSMETIC MIXING INGREDIENTS
Ethanol compounds are widely used as a mixture of ingredients for beauty products. Examples include perfume or deodorant, lotion and hairspray. Ethanol is very important because its existence is a complement to other ingredients in order to create a maximum product.
2. USED FOR SOME HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS
Besides being used in the cosmetic sector, ethanol is also used in various household products. These include paint products and special household cleaning agents. On average, various home cleaning products use a lot of ethanol. Because ethanol has the property of easily soluble in water and ethanol also helps kill various viruses or bacteria that can endanger human life.
3. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Ethanol can also be used as a maintenance agent for special equipment. To help clean some important parts such as valves.
Ethanol can minimize air pollution. In some developed countries such as the United States, fuel contains ethanol in it. Ethanol can oxidize fuel.
5. STERILIZATION MATERIALS AND MEDICINAL MIXTURES
In the medical field, ethanol chemicals are of course very important. Ethanol is widely used as an ingredient for sterilizing medical objects and other objects. In addition, ethanol is also used as a mixture of drugs. You can find it in MOUTHWASH which will usually be listed on the composition of the mouthwash.
Ethanol is also used in the manufacture of bioplastics. One of them is a type of plastic which is quite environmentally friendly. The basic ingredients are mushroom or corn starch.
7. AS SOLVENT
There are various products such as detergent, ink, or paint. Ethanol is used as a solvent. Where will be the solvent in the product produced with the appropriate level.
THE DANGER OF ETHANOL TO HUMANS
Besides ethanol has many uses or benefits, ethanol also has a dangerous side. Ethanol itself is flammable. Therefore, for storage in the form of tanks, safety is needed in the form of nitrogen gas and avoiding ethanol from fire sources. If accidentally inhaled, it can cause coughing or dizziness. If ethanol is not used in accordance with applicable guidelines, it is very dangerous for human health. If you look at it from a short term perspective. if use that is not according to the rules can cause effects to a certain extent. One of them, if it gets into the eye, it can make the eye sore, redden and even burn. In addition, if our skin uses this substance excessively, skin irritation can occur, such as redness.
Hope this article helps!